We now have scientific evidence that sheds new light on how dogs experience and navigate the world. Scientists now have documented evidence that dogs’ sense of smell is integrated with their vision and other unique parts of the brain. In other words, in dogs, olfaction is really integrated with vision in terms of how they learn about their environment and orient themselves in it. This is the first time science has uncovered this connection between the nose and the occipital lobe (functionally, the visual cortex in dogs) in canines or in any species.
Why should we care? The researchers say this ‘information freeway’ going between the two areas of smell and sight may have many implications to help dogs in the future. For instance, this information can be hugely comforting and useful to owners of dogs with incurable eye diseases.
Journal Reference: Erica F. Andrews, Raluca Pascalau, Alexandra…
Over the years we have published a number of studies linking the food additive titanium dioxide* to a number of serious health consequences. Now a consumer has filed a lawsuit against Mars, Inc. arguing their candy “Skittles” are unfit to eat because they contain a known toxin (yes…titanium dioxide) that the company had pledged six years ago to phase out**.
In the proposed class action filed on July 14, 2022 in the Oakland, California federal court, Jenile Thames accused Mars , Inc. of endangering unsuspecting Skittles consumers by using “heightened levels” of titanium dioxide, or TiO2, as a food additive. (The lawsuit also said titanium dioxide will be banned in the European Union next month after a food safety regulator there deemed it unsafe because of “genotoxicity”.) The lawsuit argues that ingesting the nanoparticle titanium dioxide can cause DNA, brain and organ damage, and well as lesions in the liver…
Hundreds of postcards, with visceral images of underfed golden retriever puppies living in filthy conditions, are flooding the governor’s office in New York. A huge email campaign has been launched by national animal rights groups.
The pet store industry and its lobbyists, however, have also mobilized. Zoom meetings have been held with the governor’s staff; a pet store employee has created an independent campaign of videos featuring well-treated puppies that have gone viral on TikTok.
Out of the hundreds of bills that Gov. Kathy Hochul must decide whether to sign before the end of the year, few appear to carry more emotional weight than the one affecting the welfare of a constituency that cannot even vote: puppies.
After years of debate, New York State lawmakers passed a bill in June with rare bipartisan support that would ban the sale of dogs, cats and rabbits in New York’s pet stores, leading to a fractious clash between animal welfare groups and the pet store industry.
Over the past few weeks, they have redirected their efforts toward lobbying Ms. Hochul, meeting with her office to plead their case as she decides whether to sign or veto the bill, with both sides trading accusations of lying and spreading misinformation.
If Ms. Hochul signs the bill, New York would follow the lead of California, Maryland, Illinois and other states that have passed similar bans meant to curb commercial breeders, sometimes called puppy mills or kitten factories.
The breeding facilities have for years been the source of intense controversy because, according to animal rights advocates, they operate with little oversight and raise dogs in cruel and inhumane conditions, often leading to the sale of sick puppies to consumers.
The bill seeks to close that pipeline by prohibiting the sale of the animals in New York’s 80 or so pet stores — ubiquitous for the window displays of puppies that can go for thousands of dollars — and encouraging New Yorkers to adopt pets from shelters instead. People would still be permitted to buy the animals directly from breeders, an attempt to allow prospective pet owners to visit and buy from responsible breeders.
“We know what it looks like when animals don’t get that care and certainly, from photos and documentation of what these facilities look like, that is not happening,” said Jennie Lintz, the puppy mill initiative director at the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. “New York remains one of the largest markets for these commercial facilities, so the bill could have not just an impact here, but across the country.”
Pet stores have fiercely pushed back against the legislation, arguing that the bill would put them out of business, lead to the unemployment of hundreds of workers, make it harder for people to obtain a pet in the state and potentially lead to an underground market of pet sales — arguments that supporters of the bill have dismissed as overblown.
One of the industry’s largest grievances is its contention that animal activists have demonized most of the breeding industry as abusive. It argues that the unsanitary puppy mills that have been the target of damning investigations are not representative of the entire industry.
“Let’s not pretend that there aren’t people out there who are doing this the wrong way, but they are few and far between,” said Mike Bober, the president and chief executive of the Pet Advocacy Network, a national pet trade association. “We’re deeply offended and frustrated by the fact that people willingly and intentionally misrepresent the state of breeding in the country.”
Ms. Hochul, a Democrat running for a full term in November, has not publicly shared her thoughts on the bill and her office said it was still reviewing the legislation.
In New York, the state attorney general’s office has filed lawsuits in recent years against a handful of pet stores, including those in Albany and New York City, accusing them of misleading consumers and selling puppies that were ill or abused and came from unauthorized breeders.
In 2021, Attorney General Letitia James sued Shake a Paw, which operates two stores on Long Island, for doctoring health certificates, saddling customers with unforeseen veterinary costs and selling at least nine dogs that died from serious diseases soon after they were sold. The store owners have vociferously denied the allegations.
The lawsuits have helped fuel support for a ban, despite the industry’s belief that prohibiting the retail sale of puppies will lead to a cascade of unintended consequences, including more online scams and fewer legal protections for consumers who adopt sick puppies.
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While New York is home to about 40 commercial breeders, according to the A.S.P.C.A., the majority of the puppies sold at pet stores in the state are imported from breeders elsewhere, mostly the Midwest.
Emilio Ortiz, a manager at Citipups, a pet store with two locations in Manhattan, said the company carefully sourced the hundreds of puppies it sells each year from about 30 different breeders across the country that he said exceeded federally mandated standards and provided “a great living situation for their dogs.”
Mr. Ortiz, who has met with state lawmakers and the governor’s office to lobby against the bill, argued that the largest obstacle for the industry is a “distorted view and public narrative” that all breeders and pet stores are bad actors. In response, he began creating videos that seek to show a behind-the-scenes look at how the stores treat the pets they sell. Mr. Ortiz has amassed over 300,000 followers on TikTok and his videos have garnered millions of views.
“It’s an uphill battle,” he said. “We’re just small businesses versus some of these big national organizations that raise millions of dollars and have this marketing machine behind them. Usually people hear only of these horror stories, so I wanted to show people like what actually goes on.”
He added: “We’d completely go out of business” if Ms. Hochul signed the bill, noting that about 90 percent of the store’s sales came from selling puppies.
The bill’s supporters have argued that stores that sell animals could adapt by shifting to selling pet supplies, though the industry contends that it would require stores to invest significantly to reconfigure floor plans originally designed to house live animals.
Pet stores would be allowed to collaborate with shelters and rescue organizations to host adoption events, though they would not receive any of the fees associated with the adoptions. Mr. Bober said that all but two of the 28 pet stores that sold puppies in California went out of business two years after the ban went into effect in 2019, according to data compiled by his trade association.
State Senator Michael Gianaris, a Democrat and self-described animal lover who introduced the bill in New York, brushed aside the industry’s business concerns, saying the ban had a more fundamental objective: to stop treating animals as commodities, or as “an item on a supermarket shelf.”
“I don’t think we should sanction the torturing of animals as a means to keep people in business,” said Mr. Gianaris, the deputy majority leader and owner of a rescue cat, Alley, and a Cavapoo mixed-breed puppy, Fred, that he said he purchased from a reputable breeder. “I hope it doesn’t take the governor as long as it took the entire Legislature to figure out the right thing to do.”
Though many Republican lawmakers voted for the bill, it didn’t gain serious traction in Albany until Democrats seized full control of the State Capitol four years ago. The legislation passed the State Senate in 2020 but stalled in the Assembly.
Some moderate Democrats in the Assembly opposed the bill and proposed more targeted alternatives to regulate the pet trade, while some animal activists loudly accused Carl Heastie, the chamber’s speaker, of holding up the legislation.
That changed on the last day of the legislative session this year, when the 150-seat Assembly passed the bill, which was introduced in the lower chamber by Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal, a Democrat from Manhattan, with only 15 votes against.
“The last bastion of nonpartisanship is puppies and kittens,” said Libby Post, the executive director of the New York State Animal Protection Federation, an organization representing animal shelters and rescue organizations, which support the bill.
The pet store industry has accused shelters and rescue organizations of hypocrisy, arguing that they operate with few regulations in New York, though a second bill on Ms. Hochul’s desk would aim to change that by implementing uniform standards for the veterinary care and housing of rescue animals.
Ms. Post said that banning the retail sale of the animals would ease the strain on New York’s more than 100 shelters and 400 rescue organizations, many of which she said are overflowing with dogs, including those that people obtained during the pandemic but may have abandoned after they were called back to their workplaces.
“What goes on in a puppy mill is absolutely inhumane,” Ms. Post said. “And New York is complicit in animal abuse as long as we allow the sale of milled animals.”
Blue Lizard is a sunscreen product of Crown Laboratories of Australia. It is highly recommended by dermatologists in Australia, where radical ultraviolet radiation makes sunscreen indispensable. The product has also been endorsed by users in the USA.
What are the ingredients in Blue Lizard sunscreen?
Blue Lizard sunscreens are available in various functional variants, such as Active, Sensitive, Baby, Sheer, Face, and Sport. These are offered in lotion, stick, and spray forms.
The ingredients vary for each variant. The mineral variants have zinc oxide or titanium dioxide or both as active ingredients, while mineral-based variants have octisalate and/or octinoxate along with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as active ingredients.
Some of the common inactive ingredients are Alumina, Aluminum Stearate, Alkyl Benzoate, Caprylyl Glycol, Cetyl Dimethicone, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sorbitan Oleate, and Methyl Glucose.
The ingredients are packed in groovy bottles and tubes that change color in extreme ultraviolet radiation to remind you to apply the sunscreen. This functionality is appropriate to the product name, which is analogous to a chameleon that changes color to protect itself.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen mineral-based?
Blue Lizard sunscreen comes in mineral and mineral-based versions. The mineral variants contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide or both as active ingredients. On the other hand, mineral-based variants contain octisalate and/or octinoxate along with either or both zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
The company faces a class-action lawsuit – filed in March 2021 in California – alleging that the labeling of its products as mineral-based is deceptive. The lawsuit contends that Blue Lizard mineral-based sunscreens contain either five percent of octisalate or 5.5 percent of octinoxate. These are in fact harmful chemicals that you don’t expect in a mineral sunscreen.
The lawsuit asserts that Blue Lizard has misrepresented its ingredients information to gain an edge in the competitive market.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen gluten-free?
No. Blue Lizard sunscreen does not contain gluten – the company website also confirms it. Gluten is used in some sunscreens as an emulsifier. It is used in topical application products and typically does not affect celiacs as it cannot be absorbed through the skin.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen have benzene?
The ingredients list does not indicate the presence of benzene. However, the sunscreen contains alkyl benzoate – a clear and soluble liquid that consists of benzoic acid esters. Strangely enough, the compound benzoic acid has a benzene ring core. So, it is indecisive to say if Blue Lizard sunscreen contains benzene or not.
Be that as it may, alkyl benzoate has been accepted as a safe compound for use in skincare products. Only care in using it is to avoid it from entering the eyes. Alkyl benzoate does not have any of the side effects of benzene.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen have avobenzone?
Blue Lizard sunscreen does not have avobenzone. Mineral-based sunscreens of the company however contain either octisalate or octinoxate – chemicals used to disperse ultraviolet radiation and make the sunscreen water-resistant.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen contain oxybenzone?
Blue Lizard sunscreen does not contain oxybenzone – which makes it reef friendly. Accordingly, the products have the “We Love the Reef” seal on them. Oxybenzone is a common ingredient in many sunscreens. The chemical is harmful to humans and the environment alike.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen have zinc oxide?
Yes, Blue Lizard sunscreen contains zinc oxide as an active ingredient in its mineral-based sunscreens. The product uses inorganic minerals to provide broad-spectrum sun protection. Zinc oxide is considered safe by both FDA and dermatologists and can be used by adults, children, and those with sensitive skin.
Serious allergic reactions to zinc oxide are not reported. The mineral may however cause skin dryness and damage human cells when exposed to sunlight for long hours. Further, sunscreens with zinc oxide are usually heavy, making it difficult for the skin to absorb them well; which is essentially why this is safer than chemical sunscreens.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen contain aluminum?
Blue Lizard contains aluminum in the form of alumina and aluminum stearate. Alumina is a chemical compound having aluminum and oxygen, while aluminum stearate is the aluminum salt of the fatty acid.
According to experts, use of pure aluminum could cause oxidative damage to the skin. However, it is usually used in the form of compounds – which is considered safe.
Alumina is used as a coating blend to keep the nano-sized mineral ingredients in the sunscreen together. It acts as an abrasive, absorbent, and bulking agent. The compound usually makes up about 25 percent of the sunscreen. However, even in this concentration, it is considered safe by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel and the FDA.
Speaking about aluminum stearate – it acts as a suspending and thickening agent. The FDA has approved it as safe for general or specific use.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen have carcinogens?
Blue Lizard does not list all the ingredients on its label. From the information that is available, we know that Blue Lizard sunscreen contains the following carcinogens:
Titanium Dioxide – certified as Group 2B carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and suggested to be used in the lowest possible level
Disodium EDTA – can cause tumors in mammary glands
Glycols – is an element that the FDA has cautioned manufacturers to be wary of as it is carcinogenic and mutagenic
Do note that these chemicals are only carcinogenic when inhaled or ingested in large quantities. As such, their risks are quite minimal when applied topically.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen have a scent?
Blue Lizard sunscreen is fragrance-free. It does not have a scent – however, has a slight chemical smell.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen safe?
Yes, indeed! Blue Lizard sunscreen is one of the most highly-rated sunscreen brands in the world. It meets the stringent regulations of the Australian government. Further, all Blue Lizard sunscreen products are FDA compliant. There are no negative reports against the products too.
Sunscreens could cause safety concerns due to the ingredients that make them. However, Blue Lizard sunscreens are free of harmful chemicals like oxybenzone, parabens, benzene, and fragrance.
Blue Lizard sunscreens are either mineral or mineral-based. Although titanium dioxide is shown to be carcinogenic, the FDA has certified it as safe in sunscreens.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen safe for babies?
Blue Lizard sunscreen variants for babies include only minerals as active ingredients. They are also free of harsh chemicals like oxybenzone, parabens, and benzene. Nevertheless, the company advises you to consult your pediatrician before using any sunscreen on babies younger than six months.
Blue Lizard also has a separate line of sunscreen products for older kids and children. These also contain minerals as active ingredients and are considered safe.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen safe during pregnancy?
Blue Lizard sunscreen is rated as one of the best for pregnant women by all leading websites.
Dermatologists and experts recommend mineral sunscreens for pregnant women. Therefore, if you are pregnant – then Blue Lizard should be your obvious choice as most of its sunscreen products are mineral ones with zinc oxide or titanium oxide as the active ingredient. The brand is also devoid of harsh chemicals and fragrances.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen safe for the face?
Yes, Blue Lizard sunscreen is safe for your face as it is broad-spectrum with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30+ and 50+, providing protection from both UVA and UVB rays. Further, they are all mineral or mineral-based, antioxidant-rich, and fragrance-free. Blue Lizard Sensitive formulas are recommended if your skin is sensitive and susceptible to breakouts.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen leave white cast or stain clothes?
Yes to both. Sunscreens containing minerals like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are usually heavy, making it difficult for the skin to absorb them well. Consequently, Blue Lizard sunscreen that contains these minerals is most likely to leave a residue or white cast on your skin. However, this could work well for you as the residue would stay on the skin surface and protect your skin from sun damage.
The company has mentioned on its website that its sunscreens may stain your fabrics. However, several users state the contrary and recommend Blue Lizard to avoid sunscreen stains. Some users believe that the clothes could get stained if the ingredients in sunscreen react with hard water – but the stains can be easily removed with dish soap and white vinegar.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen cause cancer?
There are no reports suggesting that Blue Lizard sunscreen causes cancer. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, sunscreens that offer broad-spectrum protection and are water-resistant with an SPF of 30 or more do not cause cancer. Blue Lizard sunscreens satisfy these criteria. Further, they are free of carcinogens and harsh chemicals like oxybenzone, avobenzone, parabens, and benzene.
Some ingredients in Blue Lizard sunscreens – like titanium dioxide, disodium EDTA, and glycols are known to be carcinogens. It may be safer to avoid products with these ingredients and pick zinc oxide-based sunscreens instead.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen burn eyes?
Blue Lizard sunscreen is widely known for not causing burning or irritation of the eyes. Sunscreens that burn the eye usually contain harsh chemicals and fragrances. Since Blue Lizard sunscreen is mineral-based and is sans fragrances, you need not worry about burning your eyes. Nevertheless, the company warns you about keeping its products out of your eyes. It also suggests you spray the cream on your palms and then rub it on your face.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen good for tattoos?
The answer is yes! The ultraviolet rays could break down the ink on your skin and cause your tattoo to fade. It is therefore essential for you to use a trustable sunscreen product to keep your tattoos sharp and clean.
Blue Lizard sunscreen is again the recommended brand to keep your tattoos intact. The product is water-resistant and does not contain any chemical absorbers. It is also not greasy, while still acting as a primer on your tattoos. The SPF values of 30+ and 50+ also shield your art efficiently.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen good for eczema and rosacea?
Yes, Blue Lizard sunscreen is an excellent fit for eczema and rosacea too. The National Eczema Association recommends using a mineral or mineral-based broad-spectrum sunscreen for adequate protection against UVA and UVB rays.
Further, Blue Lizard sunscreen does not contain chemical absorbers or fragrances that could flare up eczema and rosacea.
You can pick the variants with zinc oxide as it is highly non-comedogenic and has astringent properties. The element will not only protect your skin from sun damage but also help in the quick healing of the wounds. Meanwhile, you can stay put with the mineral variants and avoid the mineral-based ones as the octisalate and octinoxate chemicals in them may be harsh.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen reef-safe?
Blue Lizard sunscreens carry the “We Love the Reef” seal. The company claims that its products do not contain oxybenzone and octinoxate – making them reef-friendly as per the Hawaiian legislation. While its sunscreens do not contain oxybenzone, the claim about the absence of octinoxate is not true. The company website itself notifies that its mineral-based sunscreens contain octinoxate, octisalate, or both. According to the Environment Working Group (EWG), octisalate is also not reef safe and may contribute to coral bleaching.
Since Blue Lizard is from Australia – which is home to the Great Barrier Reef – its claims about being reef safe are held high across the world. If you want to be kind to your environment, you can be extra cautious and avoid the mineral-based versions of Blue Lizard.
Is Blue Lizard sunscreen cruelty-free?
Yes. The products of Blue Lizard sunscreens are not tested on animals. Also, they are completely vegan – which means the products do not contain animal ingredients or animal-derived byproducts.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen test on animals?
Blue Lizard’s final products are not tested on animals. In addition, the company also follows a process to ensure that its suppliers do not test the raw materials on animals.
How long does Blue Lizard sunscreen last?
Blue Lizard sunscreen typically lasts for two hours on your skin. In fact, any sunscreen with SPF is effective only for two hours after application.
The company recommends reapplication of the sunscreen every two hours if your skin is dry, or after 80 minutes of swimming or sweating.
Does Blue Lizard sunscreen expire?
As per the company website, sunscreens lose their efficacy two to three years after the manufacturing date. So, if your sunscreen has crossed this time limit, it would have lost its original quality. The company also advises you to store the product in a cool, dark place to preserve its quality.
Wearing SPF is one of the most important things you can do every day—not only does it help to slow down the signs of aging by protecting against harmful UV rays, but it also helps prevent skin cancer.1 In fact, I think it’s pretty much a canon at this point that wearing sunscreen—summer or winter, rain or shine—is the best skincare tip out there. You think Cate Blanchette maintains her flawless complexion just by drinking hot water with lemon every morning? No. Guarantee she’s diligent about sunblock.
That said, not all sunscreens are created equal, and there are some pretty scary ingredients lurking in your tube of SPF. We did some digging to find the ingredients you should watch out for in your sunscreen, and the safer alternatives you should try instead.
This ingredient was banned in Hawaii because it has been shown to cause harm to coral reefs. Not exactly a ringing endorsement for something to be smeared all over your body. Aside from that, it’s a form of synthetic estrogen, according to the Environmental Working Group, and can cause a disruption in your hormones. The EWG actually considers oxybenzone to be the most troubling sunscreen ingredient.
Like the aforementioned oxybenzone, octinoxate is also banned in Hawaii for coral reef reasons. It’s been shown to cause skin allergies, and in animal studies, it had effects on the reproductive system and thyroid.2
While this ingredient hasn’t been found to cause hormone disruption like the others, according to the EWG, it causes high rates of irritation. And it’s not sun-stable, which means it has to be mixed with stabilizers, like Octisalate (which the EWG ranks as having moderate toxicity concerns) in order to be used in sunblock.
This is a form of vitamin A, which is a powerful antioxidant. We’re normally fans of these things in our routine—eating vitamin A-rich foods has been shown to be beneficial for our skin. But when retinyl palmitate meets your skin meets the sun, that’s when the problems begin. Animal studies have shown that, when exposed to the sun, it is potentially cancerous and forms free radicals, which is quite literally the opposite reason you want antioxidants.3
So What Should You Use?
The EWG rates mineral sunscreens higher than chemical sunscreens, because they claim there is little evidence that these go through the skin barrier and are absorbed by your body in the way that chemical sunscreens are. They recommend sunscreens made with titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. Below, our mineral sunscreen picks.
A tinted sunscreen formulated with 20% zinc oxide, plus good-for-skin botanicals like grape juice extract.
Astaxanthin is a red-colored pigment that belongs to the class of chemicals called carotenoids. It is an antioxidant, and can be applied directly to the skin to prevent sunburns, reduce wrinkles, and prevent other types of skin damage.4
Farmacy Green Screen Daily Environmental Protector Broad Spectrum MineralSunscreen SPF 30 With Echinacea GreenEnvy $36.00
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